Concept or function of author
Art and/as autobiography
What is the function of the author? In other cultures the ‘author is not so eternal or important but the performance or event might be. Not owning image or ‘thing’ as in icon painting.
Western view of author
How does art question authorship/identity?
Explorations and undermining idea of artist through collaboration, anonymously, or in participatory or collective practice.
The named maker rather than ‘the studio of...’
Frieda Kahlo: autobiography
Autoethnography: practice routed in self and ethnic or practice root.
The concept or function of the author
We can not read, receive or view an art work without being conscious of the context of the work.... Umberto Eco write in the the role of the reader about this, we are not blank canvases and essential neither is the work/book/film. They all have a context. Rather than there being a meaning in the work, its meaning happens once it is viewed. However does a pre-existence of meaning have to be there for there to be meaning.
Lévi-Stauss from making work something just comes out by chance from our context rooted in lived experience that is not ours that belongs else where we are just a conjure but not the originator...
performing a role not owning it. A point of intersection between larger culture and the story that has to be told now. Still responsible for the work but passive to the something that happens; allowing it not owning it? This moves away from the artist as an individual ego.
Julia Kristeva: text in terms of two axis, coding the way we look at text the vertical axis, (synchronic) connecting author to others and the readers viewers context and knowledge; the a vertical axis (diachronic) connects to other text past present and future. ‘\”every text is from the outset under the jurisdiction of other discourses which impose a universe on it.
Synchronic being a horizontal selection of outfit as a whole that works together when we get dressed.
Diachronic comes from a vertical selection on trousers or tops shoes etc..
synchronic: the cat sat in the mat
Diachronic: the cat, dog, panda, walked, jumped, stood, sat anywhere.
Authorship is an historical invention
Authorship gives authority. As in the bible being the authorship of God. Chaucer’s story telling using Plato I thin stories to give authority to the tales.
The Modern author in European context, routed in Age of Enlightenment, post-reformation self analysis and sense of individual... as a good Protestant I analyse myself and take responsibility for them.
Model survives in art practice:
Originality origin authenticity innovation signature genius monograph solo-exhibition attribution, creation.....
why do we frame things in this way as a way of getting to know art/artists.
Artist might become generous curators, collaborator, dialogue,
As artist the question must be asked where do I fit.
Rolland Bathes, the dead of the author
The meaning comes at the arrival of the text/work when there is encounter. He saw the traditional view of author/artist as tyrannical, enclosing the week according to one person’s intentions. Work might be better to lose its pre-eminence and steps down to the field of interactions.
(Kennith Goldsmiths work/writings using plagiarism/appropriation as the work. )
Only viewing, engaging and interaction brings meaning to the work
Micheal Foucault what is the author
The author/artist function is to characterise the existence, circulation, and operation of certain discourse within a society’
Author is not attached to everything that individual does and the author might be attached to a number of functions of that individual.
Foucault suggests that subject must be stripped of its creative role and analyses as a complex and variable function of discourse.
We might analyse the cultural setting of the author and purpose and use of artist/author and how is it deployed. Who is useful to for the artist/author to exist? Where is the function? Could ask them sort of questions of functions like teacher or mother. It is this kind of working out. What would be missing if the concept was not there? Does there have to be preposterous. Is the use most useful to art dealer or book agent.
Artist uses ‘mode’ to create ‘matter’; where does the freedom come from to allow them to do that within society? What is an artist? What is the function of that?
It is asking the question why am I doing this and what it is about? Are we not answering this within a wider social structure and beyond the artist as an individual. Is it important that we find a category or context in which to work.
(Watch the ‘film red shoes’ to do art is to breathe.. )
Style could be first person voice or a collectors note, academic, conversation.... imagine having a conversation with.....?